Learn One Latin Vocabulary
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Improve your English now with the following Latin vocabulary word. When you understand this Latin root word, dozens of advanced English words will become easy to learn and use.
amicus = friendly
inimicus = hostile
The Latin word amicus (friendly) gives us many advanced English derivatives. With the prefix in- attached, inimicus offers many more English words to learn. Study the following list, then take the quiz at the end of the page.
1. amicable: literally likable or lovable. Amicable also means friendly or easy to get along with, as in an amicable neighbor, an amicable divorce.
2. amiable: the same as amicable, with the added connotation of agreeable or willing to accept advice. She had an amiable disposition
3. amity: amity can mean both general harmony and a specific peaceful agreement among nations. There is amity in the small town; there is amity between the USA and Britain.
4. inimical: the prefix in- means not, and so inimical is the opposite of amicable. Think of the inimical stare of a hardened criminal, or a noisy environment inimical to effective study.
5. inimicable: see inimical above.
6. enmity: hatred or hostility; enmity is the opposite of amity. She felt enmity for her ex-boyfriend; enmity consumed the serial killer’s heart.
7. amicicide: the root word caedere, to slaughter, gives us derivatives such as patricide, suicide, and homicide. Who is killed in an act of amicicide?
8. amicus curiae: in legal Latin, this phrase means a friend of the court, i.e. one who, though not involved in a particular case, gives expert advice to the court.
Related Latin Vocabulary Roots:
amor = love
amoris = of love
9. amorous: full of love, i.e. in the mood. Although he felt amorous, his wife had a headache.
10. paramour: an illicit lover, usually of a married person.
11. amorist: one devoted to love and making love.
12. amor patriae: a Latin phrase meaning patriotism, i.e. love of country, love of fatherland.
amo = I love
amare = to love
amatus = loved
13. amateur: One who engages in an activity for the pure of love of the activity itself, rather than for money. An amateur photography, an amateur dancer.
14. amatory: of or pertaining to love, as an amatory novel or poem.
15. amative: a synonym for amorous. She made amative advances toward her boss.
16. Amanda: this name literally means having to be loved or about to be loved. It’s the gerund of the verb amare.
17. Amy: Another name from the same root, meaning beloved.
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