(Sicklerville, New Jersey, U.S)
Dear Latin Teacher,
I'm trying to learn how to speak Latin, as in fluently like a language. I was wondering if the language uses the sort of words: the
, etc. If it does, would you please tell me what they are? If not please elaborate.
May you enjoy your years of study as you pursue your goal of speaking Latin fluently.
Of all the words you ask about, only the word THE
does not have a Latin equivalent. Latin had neither the definite article (the
) nor the indefinite article (a
). As you learn to read Latin you will find that articles are not necessary for comprehension.
The other words you mention are complicated to translate out of context. When moving from one language to another we can never rely on a word-for-word parallel. The Latin words in
, and cum
correspond to the English in, for, and with, repectively. However, there are many ways to express the IDEAS of in
, and with
by other means in Latin.
If I may make a few recommendations: Choose a reading-based textbook for beginners, such as Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata, and read it slowly and repeatedly cover to cover. Also look for like-minded scholars to help you practice, and find a high quality teacher or tutor. You can't learn a language well without a great teacher.
Hope this helps, and thanks for asking a Latin teacher.
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