Latin Root: Facere

by Emily
(Buena Park)

Dear Latin Teacher,

What does the Latin root facere mean?

Thanks, Emily


Dear Emily,

The Latin root verb facere basically means to do or to make, although there are dozens of possible translations in colloquial or idiomatic Latin phrases.

Many English derivatives come from the infinitive facere as well as from the participle factus.

From facere: In compound roots, the -a- of facere becomes an -i-, i.e. conficere, proficere, etc.


  • efficient: performing without wasted effort; working effectively.

  • suffice/sufficient: to be done to a point that no more is needed.

  • proficient: skilled, able to do well.


From factus: In compound roots, the -a- of facere becomes an -e-, i.e. perfectus, confectus, etc.


  • manufacture: to make by hand.

  • perfect: (as a verb) to do to completion, finish; (as an adjective) completed to the fullest.

  • factotum: one who does all kinds of work, a handyman, a jack-of-all-trades.

  • fact: something done, a deed.

  • factory: a building where goods are made.

  • effect: a result or consequence.

  • affect: to act upon; to produce a change in.



Hope this helps, and thanks for asking a Latin teacher.

Sincerely,

John

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Comments for Latin Root: Facere

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that is very helpful
by: Anonymous

Dear Latin Teacher,
Thank you very much for your answer.
Here I got another question:
What about the word "gratificari?"
I read from a website addresses:
"gratificari from gratus + root of facere."
Why "gratus" becomes "grati" and "facere" becomes "ficari?"

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